THE RUNES OF THE SECOND AETT OF THE ELDER FUTHARK

FIRST POINT: From HAGALAZ through to SOWILO…

The first rune HAGALAZ is two upstanding lines connected by a downwards crossing line. Imagine pinching the two upright lines together, until they meld into one in the center of the diagonal line, and then you have the second rune NAUDHIZ. Now erase the diagonal line, and there you have it: the next rune ISA. The antithesis of linearity is circularity, and that is the next rune JERA, the two arrows of which imply a circular motion, yet still stay in the straight edge style of the Futhark - which an outright circle or spiral would, though they would mean the same thing, basically. If ISA is the thesis, and JERA is the antithesis (we are talking about the Hegelian Dialectic here), then the next rune EIHAWZ is the synthesis: it is linear (up and down linear, just like ISA), and yet has the angular flicks on the top and bottom that in imply motion, just like JERA did. The next rune is an elucidation - or intensification - of EIHWAZ: it takes ISA and the two arrows that make up JERA, and uses those entire arrows to put on top of ISA, not just two sort of flicks, as it were, that EIHWAZ used. Additionally, there is no circular motion - though there is, like with JERA, motion - motion INWARDS… The arrows point towards each other; and the stillness of ISA holds them together. This is womblike. I contend the meaning of PERTHRO, albeit etymologically unaccessable, can be inferred through the very shape of PERTHRO as a stave, in light of the other preceding runes of this AETT, as discussed now. Now let’s go to the next rune - ALGIZ or ELHAZ, whichever name for it you prefer… One of its forms - not the common form typically associated with the Elder Futhark - is made up of the same two arrows and ISA column of PERTHRO - but here the arrows are brought in a little bit, so that the inwards pointingness in not to s sort of womblike enclose in from of ISA, but into ISA… Such “going inwards” is being spiritual, is being meditative or in prayer… The last rune, however - SOWILO - is simply the altogether opposit o ice/ISA: instead of a straight line it is a sizzagging line - often positioned at an angle, at that, as if to emphasize it possessing the opposite nature as ISA. This AETT began with a rock of ice (HAGALAZ), and we witnessed this ice face on after the ordeal of collapsing HAGALAZ’s columns into one (the NAUDHIZ experience), and then, as we pass through harrowing NAUDHIZ, coming through no unscathed with the diagnal line now missing. We thus delve into the very essence of hail itself - its inner nature, what it is made of: ice. But the end of this rune row is the solution to the Ice Age begun with this AETT. Behold, the sun now shines, and ISA must melt. Without ISA, HAGALAZ must, of course, fall, too. The other runes are left without their columns now, only the flicks or arrows remaining. And it is those arrows that are the seeds of the Third AETT.

SECOND POINT: HAGALAZ & SOWILO (the first and the last compared)...

The Second AEtt is sort of BRACKETED IN by the complimentary pair, HAGALAZ and SOWILAZ. One is a particle (hailstones), the other is a wave (sunwaves); one is cold, one is hot; one gives off light, the other is inherently dark…

THIRD POINT: JERA & EIHWAZ (the inner two compared)...

Presented here in the Second AEtt are two ways of viewing time…

JERA, which means “year,” is of a design that implies the motion of turning in a circle - just look at it and experience this for yourself! In this way JERA stands for the circular/cyclic view of time - such as in cultures with a belief in reincarnation, as opposed to one that believes in life as a journey out of nothingness by the Grace of God, unto an eternity of either Hell or Heaven.

EIHWAZ, as noted above, possesses the energy of JERA, that is, it has the angles of JERA (“flicks,” as I called them), but they are rooted to its top and bottom. Those angles in JERA are what imply its spinning; but in EIHWAZ these angles/”flicks” are rooted in the inert ISA-type column. Thus, the circular/cyclic power of JERA as time is made to travel in a linear direction - like what one would expect of, say, a tree growing; - and one may wish to think here of Yggdrasil… As the annual cycles pass (JERA/years), the tree grows up an up - and, if you were to see a cross-section of its trunk, you could tell how old it is by counting the RINGS you would see...

And so, in contrast to JERA, which represents the circular/cyclic view of time, EIHWAZ stands for the linear view… And I contend that the circular/JERA view is the more natural way, and so goes with the Vanir; and the linear is more left-brained and all-too-”civilized,” and so goes with the AEsir. You can think of “Vanir” here referring to a paleolithic hunting and gathering society, or the Native Americans before contact; and you can think of the “AEsir” as the Empire in Star Wars, or the proverbial cowboys in the Wild West thinking of numbers and wealth as they remain ignorant to their blaspheming against Earth/Gaia/BERKANO in the forms of killing off the buffalo/URUZ and upsetting the ecosystem/WUNJO...


FOURTH POINT: PERTHRO and the "problem sounds" of PERTHRO and ALGIZ


It may seem baffling why there should be this lone duck in the Elder Futhark - PERTHRO, that is - that just so happens to be of a hidden etymology, if not even completely devoid of one. Yet I am not altogether sure there is any reason to think it baffling. From a linguistics point of view, when we are looking at the rune-names of the Elder Futhark, we are looking at an ancient language which is not in fact known - it is Proto-Germanic, and that language is itself a postulation based after comparing all the known Old Germanic languages, and thereby deducing a reasonable parent form for each word and form; and then and checking these results against another postulated language, Proto-Indo-European (from which Proto-Germanic is derivative). Because we are looking through the fog of time from long ago, into cultures that don't all have very much written - and because the written language is not necessarily the same as the spoken - it is no wonder there is data lacking. Personally, I think it makes sense that this particular rune - that is, the one that stands for the p-sound - would be an odd one that seems devoid of etymology, or at least with a hidden etymology ("occult" means hidden, btw). Off hand (without checking reference books) I wager there were not many words to choose from in Old Germanic that began with the letter P. Maybe none. And so, a word had to be borrowed from another language, or even made up. Along these lines, it is interesting to note that the two "problem sounds" of the Elder Futhark - those of PERTHRO and ALGIZ - are right beside one oneself.


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Comment by Brynte Westlund on February 20, 2012 at 8:11am
Woah! That was dense. You should totally elaborate and make paragraphs out of nearly every sentence! ^_^

May I make a suggestion though? While Sowilo is the opposit of Isa in the sense that one spins while the other is still, Hagalaz has more of a opposite effect. Hagalaz rains down from the sky destruction and freezing tempritures while Sowilo rains down sunshine. One is like that of a consuming Jötunn - the dragon Nidhogger perhaps - while the sun is the goddess drawing all life to her self.

- Ent
Comment by Loclynn on February 20, 2012 at 1:47pm

I like the supposition you put forth in the Hegelian Dialectic, the relation between Eihwaz and Jera does seem to express a dialectic. I have always seen these to runes pointing at varying modes of conceptual time.  The Eihwaz expressing the long view of history in which we see the progressive growth of the Yew tree (Yggdrasil) and Jera as the cyclical idea of eternal recursion.

Comment by Francis on February 20, 2012 at 4:27pm

@BRYNTE: And one is a wave (the sunwaves) and one is particle (the hailstones)...

One is hot, one is cold.

One gives off light, the other does not...

There are totally complimentary, and thus BRACKET IN the Second Aett...!

Comment by Francis on February 20, 2012 at 4:33pm

@LOCLYNN: Yes, there does seem to be two ways of viewing time presented here in the Second AEtt... And I would contend that the circular view of time is the more nature, and so goes with the Vanir; and the linear is more left-brained all-too-civilized, and so goes with the AEsir. You can think of the Vanir here as a paleolithic or neolithic people here - hunters and gatherers, or like the Native Americans in their glory days; and you can think of the Indo-Europeans as the Empire in Star Wars, or the cowboys in the Wild West thinking of numbers and wealth as they remain ignorant to their blaspheming against Earth/Gaia/BERKANO (e.g, killing off the buffalo(URUZ) and upsetting ecosystems[WUNJO?] )...

Comment by Francis on February 20, 2012 at 4:34pm

And thanks for this commentary...! It's helping me get my ideas out so I can improve this blog! Thanks and thanks again...!!!!!!!!!!

Comment by Brynte Westlund on February 20, 2012 at 4:43pm

@Francis Exactly!

Comment by Francis on February 20, 2012 at 10:33pm

I have just expanded this blog - adding on two more sections - which were sort of "mused out of me" from the commentaries... Again - thanks for the feedback! It gets me flowing. There must be a give and take (GEBO) or FEHU to be worth something - for my fires to burn... Read my blogs and sections in the Runic Linguistics Group about FEHU. It means so much - it has everything to do with the present decline of the economy.

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